Are some of the jobs on aggregate sites non-existent?

Ever wonder what percentage of job postings on job boards, like Monster, Zip Recruiter, and Indeed are fake, non-existent jobs?  Well, I did, and I got some very good answers on how these job boards work.

One answer comes from Career Coach, Sharon Markowitz

I think its important to understand that the companies you mentioned are oftentimes seen as aggregators of jobs. That means that sometimes by the time the job is advertised on the site, it may not be active anymore. Job sites that actually directly post and pay for the posting are more likely to be current/active jobs.

Additional insights come from Karen Simon

Many are duplicates (multiple agencies recruiting for the same position), some are already filled but will remain posted until background checks are completed and the hired person actually starts working, some postings are for multiple hires needed for the same role, some roles are filled internally, some companies are extremely slow at reviewing incoming resumes.

What kinds of people have the hardest time finding a job . . . ?

. . . and what kind have the easiest time finding a job? 

To which Chris Hansen on Quora answered

Depends on the industry and situation.

In general,

Candidates with no experience will find it hard to explain how they will create value for an employer.

Candidates with too much experience will be passed over because they command too much money, or because they are competing with social norms.

Older candidates are almost always passed over because they know more than their superiors, or because they’re not interested in grinding out huge travel schedules and 60 hour work week (or similar to #2).

Candidates who have short tenure at their jobs (<1–2 years at each role) are seen as ‘job hoppers’ i.e. not dependable for key roles, where they’d have to be replaced. Turnover is a killer.

Candidates with conditional circumstances

No / Limited TravelChild care

Elder Care

Medical issues

Candidates who are not ‘moving up’ in title or responsibility.

In many situations and cultures, moving from a Management role to an individual contributor role is seen as a sign of failure at some level.

Candidates with poor communication skills, or behavioral issues will find that they are quickly avoided because nothing will break a team as quickly as a person with these kinds of issues.

Obviously not an exhaustive list.

Hope this helps.

Good Job News from the Rust Belt

A vacant, boarded up house is seen in the once thriving Brush Park neighborhood with the downtown Detroit skyline behind it in Detroit,

from The City Journal

The Midwest and the northeastern Frost Belt are home to numerous stagnant and shrinking cities such as Flint, Michigan; Youngstown, Ohio; Rockford, Illinois; Muncie, Indiana; and Erie, Pennsylvania. But other cities within those states are booming. Metro hubs like Columbus, Kansas City, Des Moines, Grand Rapids, Madison, and Minneapolis-St. Paul are growing and thriving. These large cities are complemented by smaller success stories, including Iowa City; Lafayette, Indiana; and Traverse City, Michigan.

Some Rust Belt cities are growing faster than the nation as a whole and, at times, approaching Sunbelt rates. Between 2010 and 2017, the U.S. population grew by 5.3 percent. During that period, Des Moines exploded by 12.9 percent and Columbus by more than 9 percent. Grand Rapids, Indianapolis, Madison, and Minneapolis each grew by more than 7 percent. Such vibrancy is impressive, but a look behind the numbers shows that a qualitative difference exists between Rust Belt cities and Sunbelt boomtowns. While Sunbelt cities draw migrants from around the country, including large numbers from California and New York, larger Rust Belt cities draw overwhelmingly from their home states and adjacent areas.

And this was an interesting read on how emigrants are returning to deindustrialized rust-belt cities.  

Record Number of Candidates Sit for CFA Exam

from Bloomberg

A new crop of chartered financial analysts is in the making this weekend. A record number of more than 250,000 candidates registered to take the exam.

The Level 1 test, the first of three needed to earn the designation, involves 240 questions over six hours on topics ranging from equity investments and market psychology to fixed income and derivatives. Last year, fewer than half of the candidates passed the first level, according to the Charlottesville, Virginia-based CFA Institute.

Pursuing the credential “is a very rigorous process, with less than one in five candidates successfully completing it to earn the charter,” Paul Smith, the institute’s chief executive officer, said in a statement.

In 2018, 156,752 candidates took the first-level test, a 19% annual increase driven by growth in the Asia Pacific region. More than 23,000 people sat for December’s exam in mainland China, nearly double the U.S. total.

Anyone can try their hand at a sample exam on the institute’s website.

For actual candidates, the fixed-income and derivatives questions are the most challenging, Business Insider quoted Alex King, a CFA director, as saying.

“Here are my strengths, and here is how they apply to what you’re trying to do.”

His name is Paul Cameron and he’s founded the company Speed Up My Job Search.com.  I thought he made some good points.

He lists 7 things you should do when researching a company.

Research a company’s

Product line
Find out what industry they’re in.
Company size
Time: How long they’ve been in business.
Their locations, domestically and internationally
Are they public or private?
Recent News.  Look to press releases.  Search for them at Google News.

“here are my strengths, and here is how they apply here to what you’re trying to do.”

No. 1 & 2 Jobs in America: Data Scientists & Software Developers

Data scientists and software developers use programming language such as Python, followed by R, SQL, Hadoop, and the more well-known Java, according to careers site Glassdoor. A mid-level data scientist is likely to be proficient in Python, R and SQL, Java, Python and JavaScript and make close to $130,000 a year. Google GOOG-0.15% Aetna AET and Microsoft MSFT-0.38% typically hire people for these roles. are among the top programming languages.

Python, R, SQL, Hadoop, Java, and JavaScript.

Upon graduation from college, “you were a star with great prospects. Once you start work, you’re on the ground floor. . . .”

20 sobering reminders from Nick Corcodilos from his “Your First Job: 20 Pointers for New Graduates.”

A dad told me his son — who has an advanced STEM degree and recently got his first job — is unhappy that he isn’t getting more challenging work to do so he can hit home runs and get recruited by other companies for a higher salary.

It seems the young man was taught by his college that’s what he should expect, right out of the gate.

Whatever you’ve been told by the school you attended, this is likely what new graduates will find at their first jobs. Be prepared.

1. Your academic credentials get you hired because you have little or no experience that an employer can judge you on.

2. Once you’re hired, your credentials don’t matter.

3. Once you’re hired, what matters is your ability and willingness to learn the job and business you’re in. Especially if it’s your first job, that takes all your time, devotion and hard work.

4. When you graduated from college or grad school, you were at the top of your academic game. You were a star with great prospects.

5. Once you start work, you’re on the ground floor, on the bottom rung, low person on the totem pole, the plebe, the newbie, the unskilled and clueless neophyte that needs to prove themselves all over again.

Continue reading. . . .